Fair Trade and Social Justice by Mark Moberg download in iPad, ePub, pdf
The use of the term has expanded beyond campaigns to reform current trading practices, and the major institutions such as the World Trade Organization which embody them. Like many economic and political movements, the fair trade movement arose to address the perceived failure of the market and remedy important social issues. But during the late s, down cycles threatened economies once again. In Costa Rica, for example, most small farms, including those selling Fair Trade coffee, employ migrant laborers for harvesting, particularly from Nicaragua and Panama. None of these products is made by the wives of cooperative members.
In addition to being time-consuming, it has also raised language and literacy barriers. Fair trade is quickly becoming a part of all of our vocabulary and has the ability to affect many of the products we use in our daily lives. This problem is accentuated when the price of coffee rises to year highs, as it has done recently. At those farm unit sizes and yields, no one is viable in the global market if they stand alone.
The Origins of Fair Trade The idea of fair trade has been around since people first started exchanging goods with one another. As an agricultural product that is sensitive to growing conditions and temperature fluctuations, coffee is subject to exaggerated boom-bust cycles. The first of these agreements arose in the s to provide stability during wartime, when the European markets were unavailable to Latin American producers. By offering a higher price, Fair Trade keeps him in a business for which his land may not be suitable.
Campaigners also lobby their own governments with the intention of creating pressure on them to prioritise poverty reduction when making international trade rules. Price stabilization is an objective commonly sought by less-developed countries through commodity agreements. The supermarket chain only recently began buying Fair Trade coffee, through its private label coffee, Allegro, in response to the demand from their consumers. The organization created a label for products that met certain wage standards. Certification forms, for example, only recently were made available in Spanish.
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